Covid-19’s Real Problem: Organ damage

As US sees 150,000 deaths from COVID-19, some of those who are for quick reopening tout the relatively low death percentage rate as an argument against the severity of COVID-19. However, those who are recovering from COVID-19 show something more sinister from coronavirus infection: organ damage.

Two German studies found that many patients recovering from COVID-19 had heart abnormalities that didn’t exist before. The study included 100 patients from the University of Hospital Frankfurt COVID-19 Registry.

1/3 on the registry recovered at the hospital, while the other 2/3 recovered at home; however, in the 78 of the original 100, there were now heart abnormalities, with 60 of them showing inflammation in the heart muscle from COVID-19.

This abnormality would not be found on the echograms more frequently used to detect heart abnormalities.

Such results are quite damaging; those who have this weakness will likely require more extensive treatments and be at risk for abnormal heart beats and other heart problems.

So yes, maybe COVID-19 only kills around 1 percent of those infected; however, the true harm of COVID-19 isn’t necessarily the fast death, but the lasting impact on the majority of those that recover from the disease; mostly, the weakening of the organs in the rest of the body.

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BTS and Its fan club donate $2 Million to BLM

photo from Wikipedia

K-Pop Megastar BTS and its fan group, “One in An ARMY” has raised funds to support the Black Lives Matter movement and donated $2 million.

BTS initially donated $1 million to Black Lives Matter, and its fan club raised the additional $1 million more, matching the group’s donation.

BTS tweeted last week, “We stand against racial discrimination. We condemn violence. You, I and we all have the right to be respected. We will stand together.#BlackLivesMatter” on its tweet account.

The BTS is the first donor to donate to Black Live Matter movement as a foreign figure.

BTS, also known as the Bangtan Boys, is a seven-member South Korean boy band formed in Seoul in 2010 and managed under Big Hit Entertainment. The group is ranked #4 in Billboard’s Top Social Artists of the 2010s, and the highest group on the list.

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COVID-19 strains now in 30 different mutations, says Study from China

(Photo from CDC)

US is seeing a death toll at 42,897, with confirmed 799,515 cases as of April 21, and extreme rightists protesting to end quarantine.

A new study from professor Li Lanjuan and colleagues from Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, China  published in a non-peer review paper released on website medRXiv.org on Sunday, says that COVID-19 now has at least 30 different variation of mutations, which could make finding vaccine even more difficult.

Li Team stated that some of the COVID-19 mutations could generate as much as 270 times the normal viral load as the weakest strains, showing variety in danger to humans based on the mutation of the strain.

Assuming this study is accurate (as it has yet to be peer-reviewed amidst growing skepticism towards validity of information streaming out of China from the global community), this could make treatment immensely difficult, as so far, all COVID-19 patients have been treated in the same way.

Li says, “Drug and vaccine development, while urgent, need to take the impact of these accumulating mutations into account to avoid potential pitfalls.”

It is unclear at this time when the study will be peer-reviewed and its information, verified, however, the amidst growing tension in economic, political, and social structure of much of the western world, many hope that this study is not reflective of reality.

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First Person-to-Person Coronavirus Spread Happens in US

Photo from NBC News : Washington State (1), California(2), Arizona(1), Illinois(1) as of Jan.30.2020 source from CDC

CDC confirmed that a woman who recently traveled to China and returned through Chicago airport spread the virus to her husband. Now with confirmed 6 cases, Illinois is attempting to verify 21 possible cases. CDC is verifying 92 more people for possible coronavirus infection. CDC already cleared 68 as testing negative for the coronavirus.

There are currently 7,800 confirmed infections globally, with most in China. CDC does not see a need to wear masks to protect oneself in public but did advise washing hands with soap for at least 20 seconds and to avoid close interaction with people who were sick.

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Sun’s surface is like Rice Cake: Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope produces Photo of the Sun

(Photo from Google Images)

The National Science Foundation’s 4-meter, preeminent solar telescope on the summit of Haleakala, Maui in Hawai’i captured the clearest image of the Sun’s surface to date, which showed a pattern of turbulent “boiling” plasma, covering the entire star.  Each cell-like structures’ sizes are comparable to the State of Texas.

These cells represent signature of violent motions which allow transportation of heat from the inside of the Sun to its surface, before collapsing back below the surface once cooled by the vacuum of space, in a process called convection.

National Science Foundation’s Inouye Solar Telescope will also be used to map the magnetic fields within the Sun’s corona, and will be used to help predict and understand the Sun’s effect on space weather and Earth.

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Japan’s Nuclear Levels Still Too High for Safe Olympics

The Japanese national safety standard for allowable radioactivity is 0.23 microsieverts per hour. For a good example, Tokyo averages at about 0.04 microsieverts per hour.

Greenpeace urged Japan to abandon Olympic activities including the Olympic torch relay in Fukushima, the site of extensive radioactive damage from the 2011 tsunami. Based on reading as high as 1.7 microsieverts per hour measured at one meter above the surface, and a reading of 71 microsieverts per hour at the surface level.

In response, Japan argued that it read 0.111 microsieverts per hour at the main entrance one day, and one of the fields showed a rating of 0.085 microsieverts per hour.

Given that Japan has been very inconsistent in acting upon its nuclear waste policy, it is unclear whether the data from Japan can be trusted. It is also questionable as to whether Greenpeace’s data can be trusted, given the organization’s reputation.

It would be advisable for a neutral third-party such as the UN or the International Atomic Energy Agency to step in and provide a non-partisan data, as an average person safely absorbs about 3.65 microsieverts a year.

It would be advisable for a neutral third-party such as the UN or the International Atomic Energy Agency to step in and provide a non-partisan data, as an average person safely absorbs about 3.65 microsieverts a year.

Japan’s data may show that it is safe for olympic athletes to engage in sports in Fukushima, but if Greenpeace’s data is correct, then the international community is putting the lives of these valuable athletes in great danger.

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Puerto Rico’s Foundation Shaken by a Powerful Earthquake

(Photo from Google Images)

On January 6, 2020, Puerto Rico experienced a 6.4 magnitude earthquake, leaving the island in a state of emergency. One person is confirmed dead, with millions without power. Puerto Ricans now fear an aftershock after much weakening of the infrastructure and home foundations. Some are seeking alternative ways to spend the next few days to stay alive. According to the Puerto Rico Seismic Network, there have been over 900 tremors. Punta Ventana known for its form as a natural wonder, was destroyed by the earthquake.

This comes as much shock as it has only been two years since Hurricane Maria hit.

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Holliday Season Muffins, Sweet but too Sweet

(Photo by Corih Kim)

할러데이 시즌에는 주방에서 이것저것 구워내는 일이 자주 생긴다. 친구를 만나러 가거나 행사에 초대되어 갈때 집에서 뜨끈뜨끈 구운 초콜렛 쿠키나 머핀을 가져가면 모임에서 누구든 한번은 레서피를 물어오곤 한다.

가게에서 산 쿠키나 머핀처럼 비록 달지는 않지만 적당히 달면서도 쫄깃쫄깃, 푹신푹신한 느낌의 머핀을 구워내 식구들에게 먼저 시식하게 했다. 차와 함께 곁들이면 더 좋은 머핀을 소개한다.

재료:

통밀가루: 한 컵, 쌀가루 반 컵

이스트: 한 티스푼

소금: 1/4 티스푼

황설탕: 1/4컵

건포도, 마른대추 썰어진 것, 모짜렐라 치즈

조리법

1.먼저 이스트를 물 반 컵의 따뜻한 물에 완전히 녹여준다. 이때 설탕을 첨가한다. 기호에 따라 알몬드 밀크로 대체할 수 있다.

2.밀가루와 쌀가루에 소금을 넣고 잘 섞어준다. 그 후, 조금씩 준비된 1을 부으면서 잘 섞어준다. 어느 정도 반죽이 묽게 잘 섞여져 있으면, 그릇위에 랩을 씌어 따뜻한 곳에 둔다.

3. 4시간 후, 한번 뒤적이며 공기를 빼준 후, 다시 랩을 씌어 놓는다.

4. 2 시간 후, 다시 공기를 뺀 후, 30분 다시 발효후, 건포도와 마른대추를 넣어 골고루 섞은 후, 머핀 틀에 2/3 정도 부어 넣은 후, 맨 위에 모자렐라 치즈가루를 얹는다.

375도 (화씨) 30분이면 맛있는 머핀이 만들어진다. 물론 영양 만점이다. 식이섬유가 풍부한 이 머핀은 우유나 차와 함께 곁들이면 아주 좋은 식사 대용이 된다.

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Regular Exercise Keeps the Doctor Away

규칙적인 근육 강화 운동이 노화를 늦추어주며, 다시 젊음을 회복? 할 수 있다는 연구가 나와서 흥미롭다.

American Apply Physiology Journal (미국 응용 생리학 연구 논문지)의 연구 결과에 따르면, 규칙적인 근력운동을 하고 있는 노인의 근육세포 레벨이 25세의 남성의 근육 레벨과 근사치에 가깝다고 밝히며, 근력 강화 운동으로 인해 다시 젊음을 되찾을 수도 있다고 조언했다.

또한 이 연구에서 규칙적으로 꾸준히 운동을 하게 되면 세포자체가 건강해서 염증과 암 발생도 억제할 수 있다고 덧 붙였다.

Dr. Trappe 를 비롯한 그의 동료 연구자들은 21명의 매일같이 꾸준히 달리고 운동하며 건강을 유지하고 있는 같은 지역에 거주하고 있는 7.80 대 남녀노인들과 20대의 사이클을 타는 젊은이들을 대상으로 그들의 허벅지의 근육 티슈샘플을 가지고 비교 연구했다고 밝혔다.

연구결과 젊은 사이클리스트의 허벅지와 건강한 노인들의 허벅지의 사이즈는 차이가 있었으나 세포의 크기와 질은 큰 차이가 없는 것으로 밝혀졌고, 이들 젊은이들의 혈액에서 아주 작은 염증이 보였는데 이는 운동을 하다가 다쳐서 아직 염증이 사라지지 않은 경우로 반대로 염증을 치료하는 항염세포와 유전적인 상호작용이 매우 활발하게 진행되고 있음을 보았다고 덧 붙였다.
물론 건강한 노인들의 혈액에서도 염증을 발견했는데 젊은이들 보다 염증의 크기는 약간 크고 또 항염 세포또한 조금 작은 형태를 보였다고 밝혔다.

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Arkansas Reports 6 Flu-Related Deaths So Far

(Photo from Google Images)

독감으로 인한 사망자가 두 명 더 늘어났다고 아칸사스주 보건국은 밝혔다. 지금까지 올해 겨울 들어 벌써 6명이 독감으로 인해 사망했다. 지난 9월 29일부터 지금까지 적어도 인풀루엔자로 판정을 받은 환자 수는 1,881명이며, 지난 주 부터 한 주 동안 벌써 200명이 더 늘어났다고 밝혔다.

매년 미국 안에서 2천5백만에서 3천만 케이스가 보고 되고 있으며, 이들 중 20만명이 병원 신세를 지고 있는 것으로 알려져서 우리가 생각했던 숫자보다 더 심각한 수준으로 충격적이다.

다행이 독감 백신이 있어서 많은 사람들이 겨울을 조금은 수월하게 나는 것으로 알려지고 있지만, 올해만해도 벌써 미국 전역에서 5명의 어린이가 사망한 것으로 미국 질병예방국은 CDC(The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)은 밝혔다. 다행이 아칸사스주에서는 어린이는 사망하지 않았다.

독감에 가장 취약한 신생아 또는 어린이와 평소 몸이 허약한 사람, 그리고 65세 이상의 시니어들은 반드시 독감 예방 주사를 맞는게 좋다. 그리고 자신의 주치의에게 상담한 후, 폐렴 예방 주사도 맞아서 혹독한 겨울을 준비하는게 바람직하다.

2017-2018 년 사이에 적어도 80,000 여명이 독감으로 인해 사망했다고 의료전문지인 The conversation.com 이 밝혔다.

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